Video Lecture - Roles of Speakers - the Deputies

Transcript - Video Lecture on the Deputy Speakers

Ready? Good! Let's begin!

Now we are going to talk about the second speakers in each team. We are going to talk about both of them together because their roles are very very similar. On the government team the second speaker is the Deputy Prime Minister (DPM) and in the opposition team the second speaker is the Deputy Lead of Opposition (DLO). At this point in the debate, one of your teammates have already spoken and what they have said has been rebutted by one speaker, if you are the DPM. If you are the DLO, two speakers on the other side have already spoken. So at this points arguments have been made, and rebuttals have been made towards each other. So lets look at what your responsibilities and role will be as the deputy speakers position.

Deputy speakers essentially have 3 things that they must do. You must defend your case, you must attack the case on the other side, and then you must present new arguments. Let's look at those things in turn. 

Firstly defending your case. The situation is your teammate has already presented arguments. If you're in the government (team) the PM has presented your position, the case and the setup, and the leader of opposition has attacked those arguments. He's presented rebuttals and said these arguments wrong and there's a problem with this argument. So if I am coming up in second, my first priority must be to defend my teammate. (It must be) to defend the integrity and the strength of my team and my speaker. The first thing I need to do is defend. Identify the points of my speaker which have been attacked and tell you why those things are not true and why they are necessary and (then) I need to rebuild them.[More in the Question & Answer section]

Once I'm done with that, I need to respond to what the first speaker on the (other) side has (said), or if I'm in the opposition team I need to respond to what the second speaker on the other side has said. Maybe I can briefly summarize the previous speaker, (for example) "she said two things and I'm going to respond to those things. This is why this is wrong and this is why that is wrong". The rebuttals are similar to the rebuttals the LO makes to the PM. The DPM must rebut the LO and the DLO must rebut the DPM. The DLO can also continue rebuttals against the PM. Your rebuttals are not limited to just the speaker who spoke before you but you can rebut the entire team. 

So I've defended my team, I've rebutted their team, the third thing I must do, is present new arguments. Arguments that are different from the arguments my teammate has already presented in the debate. This is important, (because) doing this means the debate grows. This adds new information and new argumentation that supports the case. I must connect these arguments to our position and tell you why those arguments are strong and why it makes our case even stronger.

That's the deputy speakers. You sit in the middle of the team, so your job is; you need to defend your teammate - my teammate said some important things, and I'm telling you why those things are still important. Then I need to respond to the other team - this is what you said, and this is why what you said is wrong! And then I need to present my own arguments.

Both the DPM on the Government and the DLO on the Opposition will do these three things. Good luck at being an awesome Deputy Speaker!